24 Nov Nep 2020 and Legal Education
Legal education includes professional studies, which must be carried out in the courts, in legal education, in legal research and in various branches of administration. Ignorance of the law cannot be excused, for it is the necessary duty of every citizen to know the law. Under sections 7 and 49 of the Lawyers Act, the Indian Bar Council is required to regulate and maintain the standards of legal education in India. Law is an instrument of social change and, therefore, the new National Education Policy 2020 has created a certain ethic for legal education, which is very important for our lawyers in the 21st century to make them globally competitive. The main challenge of the NEP, 2020, is that national law universities, operating according to the rules of different states and considered as centres of excellence and independent higher education institutions, will implement and promote a multidisciplinary approach and research, transforming unidisciplinary universities into multidisciplinary knowledge centres. The new multidisciplinary approach will benefit state universities and large private universities that offer multidisciplinary courses and elective credit based courses (CBCS). UGC and the Bar Council of India must take the issue seriously so that the multidisciplinary approach is implemented in national law universities without harming the quality of legal education, so that they become multidisciplinary research centers with a center par excellence.  Ministry of Human Resource Development, National Education Policy, 2020, (29. July 2020), www.mhrd.gov.in/sites/upload_files/mhrd/files/NEP_Final_English_0.pdf One of the measures taken in this regard, taken in 2013, is worth mentioning. With the recommendations of the National Knowledge Commission on the Quality of Legal Education and Research in the Country to revise the system to achieve academic and professional excellence, the University Grants Commission (UGC) appointed a panel of experts in 2010, which then submitted a comprehensive report, and the UGC immediately implemented a one-year LL.M program in India from the 2013-14 academic session. Since then, there has been no turning back. Almost all universities in India, whether public or private, except for a few, offer a one-year LL.M program.
Law curricula should adequately and appropriately reflect socio-cultural contexts as well as the history of legal thought, principles of justice, the practice of jurisprudence and other related content. The educational policy of each country becomes very important and plays a very lively and dynamic role in building the future of the younger generation, regardless of religion, caste, creed and after the elimination of all forms of discrimination. It helps build the nation. India has developed its first education policy since independence in 1968, the second education policy in 1986 with changes in education policy in 1992, and a new education policy will be adopted in 2020 under the name “National Education Policy, 2020” (commonly known as NEP, 2020). The Bar Council of India, together with UGC, plays a very dynamic role in the development of legal education in India. From time to time, the OFM issues new guidelines for improvement in the legal studies curriculum. Recently, he ordered that all legal education centers include two new topics from the 2020-21 academic sessions, namely (1) mediation and mediation and (2) defense studies, which is very important for minimizing litigation and for national reconstruction. The OFM needs to reshape the entire legal curriculum as set out in the new education policy, to create more employment opportunities for law students alongside judicial practice and to focus on values-based education. The National Education Policy 2020 will make India a major educational destination, as it offers students plenty of flexibility in choosing their courses and building their future, where they can meet the challenges of the global world and which makes them legally aware, aware and legally literate in the current rapidly evolving progressive digital regime.
Legal education must be combined with competency-based learning, which necessarily leads me to put forward Professor Madhava Menon`s idea. Professor Menon had insisted on converting the five-year LLB into a 4+1-year course. Four years of legal training and one year of mandatory internship, whether in industry, litigation or any other field, including, but not limited to, judicial internship, cooperation with political parties, media, NGOs, a Human Rights Commission, etc. It was suggested that the law degree should be awarded on the basis of the 4+1 rule. These internships must be credit-based, with a grading model of 60% 40%. [60% to law school and 40% to institution or articling student]. In fact, the NEP supports the idea of a 4-year bachelor`s degree with research and a 5-year bachelor`s degree for an integrated course. In addition, after three years, unless they are integrated, law schools must amend their regulations to provide for exit in case students only want to obtain the BA degree [NEP supports the idea in 11.9]. The NEP also proposes that by 2040, all higher education institutions, including legal training centers, strive to become multidisciplinary institutions that make optimal use of infrastructure resources and create vibrant higher education institutions, leading to equal growth of public and private universities. NEP insists that autonomous law universities should aim to be multidisciplinary in their approach and programs, NLUs across the country should diversify into economics, political science, philosophy, criminology and other fields that bring diversity to campus and enable holistic learning for their students.
NLU must try [despite the rigid and conservative nature of UGC] to introduce short degrees and credit courses. Article 20.4 of PEN deals specifically with legal education. He insists that the use of technology must be introduced for swift justice. In view of the use and practice of the local language in local courts, the Directive encourages bilingual legal education for public universities.