Who Were the Teachers of the Law in the New Testament

Who Were the Teachers of the Law in the New Testament

Although Caiaphas did not believe that Jesus could actually destroy the temple, and Pilate did not believe that he could organize a serious revolt, inflammatory speech was a problem. In addition, Jesus had a retinue, the city was full of pilgrims celebrating the exodus from Egypt and the deliverance of Israel from foreign slavery, and Jesus had committed a small act of violence in the holy precinct. He was dangerous, and his execution is perfectly understandable in this historical context; That is, he was executed because he was what he was, an eschatological prophet. Caiaphas and his advisors fulfilled their mission to keep the peace and suppress any sign of insurrection. Pilate probably acted for similar reasons. It is unlikely that those responsible lost much sleep because of their decision; They did their duty. Critical scholars theorize that the apparent constant hostility between the Pharisees and Jesus is a product of the time in which the Gospels were written. At that time, Jewish Christians had been expelled from many synagogues, not because of Jesus` liberal interpretation of the law, but because of the Church`s emerging teachings on salvation, Christology, and alleged Jewish guilt for Jesus` death. According to such analyses, Jesus` actual debates with his fellow rabbis on issues of Jewish law would not have taken him out of the mainstream. He says: The Son of Man will go through many things, and will be set apart and killed by the rulers, the chief priests, and the teachers of the law, and on the third day he will come back to life. And they brought him a paralytic man lying on a bed. When Jesus saw their faith, He said to the paralytic, “Take courage, my son! Your sins are forgiven. And some scribes thought, “This guy blasphemy. And Jesus, who knew their thoughts, said, “Why do you think of evil in your heart? Learn more.

What could be easier to say, “Your sins are forgiven” or to say, “Get up and walk”? But that you may know that the Son of Man has authority on earth to forgive sins” – then He said to the paralytic, “Get up, take your bed, and go home.” And he got up and went home. But when the crowd saw this, they were impressed and glorified God who had given people such authority. In the same way, the chief priests, as well as the scribes and elders, mocked him, saying, “He saved others; He cannot save himself. He is the king of Israel; Now let Him come down from the cross and we will believe in Him. Then Jesus asked the teachers of the law of Moses and the Pharisees and said, “Is it permissible, according to the law of Moses, to heal people on the Sabbath or not?” According to Mark, Jesus` main opponents in Galilee were scribes, but according to Matthew, they were Pharisees. These seemingly contradictory views are easily reconciled: men familiar with Jewish law and tradition would have carefully examined Jesus, and it is likely that the scribes and Pharisees questioned his behavior and teaching, as shown in the Gospels (e.g., Mark 2:6, 16; 3:22; Matthew 9:11; 12:2). According to one passage, the Pharisees (along with the Herodians, Mark adds) planned to destroy Jesus (Matthew 12:14; Mark 3:6). However, if the account of this conspiracy is correct, it seems that nothing came of it, since the Pharisees did not play a significant role in the events that led to Jesus` death. Mark and Luke do not assign them a role, while Matthew mentions them only once (Matthew 27:62).

When He saw their faith, He said, “Friend, your sins are forgiven.” The scribes and Pharisees began to argue, saying, “Who is this man who utters blasphemy? Who can forgive sins but God alone? But Jesus, aware of their thoughts, answered and said to them, “Why are you thinking in your heart? Learn more. What could be easier to say, “Your sins have been forgiven” or to say, “Get up and walk”? But, that you may know that the Son of Man has authority on earth to forgive sins” – He said to the paralytic – “I say to you, get up, take your mat and go home. He immediately stood up in front of them, picked up what he was lying on, and went home and glorified God. They were all astonished and began to glorify God; and they were terrified saying, “We saw remarkable things today.” The apostle Paul was not only a former Pharisee, but he identified himself as a Pharisee throughout his life. For example, in Acts 23:6, when “Paul realized that one part was a Saduchite and the other a Pharisee, he cried out at the council, `Brethren, I am a Pharisee, a son of the Pharisee; As for hope and the resurrection of the dead, I am on trial. And the next day, the [Jewish] leaders, elders and teachers of the Mosaic Law met in Jerusalem. By falsely accusing him Luke 23:10 See also Mt 26:57-60 pp Mark 14:53-56 Law professors were charged with the administration of justice as judges at the Sanhedrin; John 8:3–6 In the 1st century, scribes and Pharisees were two very different groups, although some scribes were probably Pharisees. The scribes knew the law and could draft legal documents (marriage contracts, divorces, loans, inheritances, mortgages, land sales, etc.). Each village had at least one scribe.

The Pharisees were members of a party that believed in the resurrection and believed in the observance of legal traditions attributed not to the Bible but to the “traditions of the fathers.” Like the scribes, they were well-known jurists, hence the partial overlap in the affiliation of the two groups. However, later rabbinic traditions indicate that most Pharisees were small landowners and traders, not professional scribes. After that, the doctors of the law and the chief priest were eager to lay hands on Jesus here and there, but they were afraid of the people; for they saw that he had directed this parable upon them. Then some professors of the law thought, “This blasphemy man!” Ezra Ezr 7:1–21; Nephi 8:1–18 The doctors of the Law arose after the exile of the ranks of the former scribes, whose duties were strictly secretaries. But some of the doctors of the law who sat there argued in their minds: Jesus` proclamation of the kingdom and his obvious threats against the temple were based on his view that the kingdom was near and that he and his disciples would soon feast on it. It is possible that he waited for divine intervention to the end, for among his last words was the cry “My God, my God, why have you forsaken me?” (Mark 15:34). The scribes who came down from Jerusalem said, “He is possessed by Beelzebub” and “He casts out demons by the leader of demons.” And he called them to Himself and began to speak to them in parables: “How can Satan cast out Satan? If a kingdom is divided against itself, that kingdom cannot stand. If a house is divided against itself, that house will not be able to stand. If Satan has risen up against himself and is divided, he cannot exist, but he is finished! But no one can enter the strongman`s house and loot his property, unless he binds the strong man first, and then he will loot his house. Those who are professionally trained to develop, teach and apply occupational therapy law.

In the application of the law, the oral teaching of these persons has often taken on more authority than written law. Thus, in the days of the NT, the doctors of the law were in conflict with Jesus Christ and the apostles, who taught with authority and condemned the external religious acts that the teachers had encouraged. Those who had seized Jesus led him to Caiaphas, the high priest, where the scribes and elders were gathered. But Peter followed him at a distance to the court of the high priest, entered and sat down with the officers to see the result. Now the chief priests and the entire council have continued to try to obtain false testimony against Jesus so that they can kill Him. They found none, although many false witnesses came forward. But later, two appeared: the scribes and Pharisees brought a woman caught in adultery, and after placing her in the middle of the courtyard, they said to her: “Master, this woman was caught in adultery, in flagrante delicto. In the law, Moses commanded us to stone such women; What do you say then? » Learn more. They said this and tested it so that they had reasons to accuse him.

But Jesus bent down and wrote his finger on the ground. The scribes and Pharisees watched him closely to see if he healed on the Sabbath to find a reason to accuse him. But he knew what they were thinking, and he said to the man with the parched hand, “Get up and move on!” And he got up and stepped forward. And Jesus said to them, “I ask you, is it permissible to do good or evil on the Sabbath, to save a life, or to destroy it?” Learn more. After looking around, he said, “Reach out!” And he did; and his hand has been restored. But they themselves were full of anger and discussed together what they could do to Jesus. And he said: A curse is upon you, doctors of the law. Because while other people are under the weight of the rules you`ve imposed on them, you`re not even smashing a finger on them. Then scribes and Pharisees said to him, “Master, we want to see a sign from You.” But he answered and said to them, “A wicked and adulterous generation longs for a sign; and yet no sign shall be given to him except the sign of the prophet Jonah; The chief priests and scribes heard this and began to look for ways to destroy it; for they were afraid of him, for all the multitude was astonished at his teaching.